FACTORS AFFECTING PUPILS’ ABSENTEEISM IN DUNGGUAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, ALEOSAN, COTABATO, FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2012-2013By: DEALA, ANALYN P., DELOSO, CHARMAGNE PEARL M., ESCAROLA, JEANNEVEB A., ESTANQUE, MELDIN A., OPEZ, APRIL JAY E., VALENZUELA, LEIZA E.
Adviser: Lea E. Mostrales, MS
This study aimed to determine the factors affecting pupils’ absenteeism in Dungguan Elementary School, Aleosan, Cotabato, during the school year 2012-2013. The study utilized an exploratory research design using the qualitative research method. Focus group discussion was conducted using a semi-structured interview guide. The focus groups of the study were Grade IV, V, and VI pupils who committed the highest rate of absences of not more than 20% but not less than 5% of the total number of school days during the school year 2012-2013. The data were transcribed, translated and presented in narrative form using direct quotations. Content analysis was utilized in processing the data.
The factors affecting pupils’ absenteeism were categorized into internal factors and external factors. Internal factors included personal choice and pupils’ illness. External factors comprised parental agreed absences, family’s economic condition, bad weather, armed conflict and being bullied by classmates. Other reasons also hampered pupils’ attendance like misinterpretation of announcements.
Based on the results, the researchers concluded that most of factors affecting pupils’ absenteeism were under external factors. Work demands of parents and domestic task were the hindering factors to pupils’ school attendance, and armed conflict contributed much to the absences of pupils.